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Native people in Colombia

Sometimes it is really difficult to know whether the person you just met is Colombian or not... Colombia has many different kinds of people... People with different skin tones and textures without mentioning the diversity of their accents. Overall though, the majority of the local people are of small stature.

Arhuacos
Region = In the upper valleys of the Piedras River, San Sebastian River, Chichicua River, Ariguani River and Guatapuri River, in an indigenous territory in the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta Mountains. Nabusimake is the capital of the Arhuaco nation which is close to Valledupar in the Cesar department.
Language = Arhuaco, Spanish
Religion = Traditional tribal religion
Related ethnic groups = Chibchan group. The Arhuaco are also known as the Aruaco, Bintucua, Bintuk, Bíntukua, Ica, Ijca, Ijka, Ika and Ike people. The are descendants of the Tayrona culture.

Bora
Region = Peruvian, Colombian and Brazilian Amazon, located between the Putumayo and Napo rivers
Language = Bora, Spanish
Religion = Christian, Animist
Related ethnic groups = Witoto, Ocaina

Embera Chami
Region = Antioquia, Caldas, Risaralda, Quindío, Valle del Cauca
Language = Embera-Chami
Related ethnic groups = Emberá

Kankuamos
Region = The geographic area of influence is Atánquez Kankuamo, Chemesquemena, Guatapuri and La Mina, on the eastern slope of the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, between Badillo and Guatapurí rivers in the department of Cesar.
Language = Kankui
Religion = Traditional tribal religion
Related ethnic groups = Kogui, Damana and Arhuaco

Kogi
Region = A native American ethnic group that lives in the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta
Language = Kogi
Religion = Traditional tribal religion
Related ethnic groups = Arhuaco

Kuna
Region = Panama, San Blas
Language = Kuna, Spanish
Religion = Traditional Kuna religion, various Christian religions including Baptist, Catholic and Latter-Day Saint (Mormon)
Related ethnic groups = Other Chibchan-speaking peoples, Miskito

Misak or Guambianos
Region = An Amerindian group who lives in the department of Cauca (Silvia)
Language = Guambiano

Nasa (Páez people)
Region = Live in the southwestern highlands of Colombia, especially in Tierradentro but also Caquetá department.
Language = Spanish, Páez
Religion = Roman Catholicism, tribal religion
Related ethnic groups = Cacua or Bara Makú, Hupdu

Nukak
Region = Live between the Guaviare and Inírida rivers in the Amazon basin (San José del Guaviare)
Language = Spanish
Religion = Animist
Related ethnic groups = Cacua or Bara Makú, Hupdu
 
Ticuna
Region = Live in the Peruvian, Colombian and Brazilian Amazon region
Language = Ticuna

Tukano
Region = Live in the north-western Amazon region, along the Vaupés river and surroundings. Most of them on the Colombian side.  
Language = No man can have a wife who speaks the same language (would be a sign of incest). Differente languages: Tukano, Wanano, Barasana, Bara Tukano, Macuna, Desana and Cubeo.

U’wa
Region = Live in departments as Santander, Boyacá, Casanare and Arauca
Language = Spanish, Uw Cuwa
Religion = Animist
Related ethnic groups = Chibchan people

Wayuu
Region = Live in Colombia and Venezuela with highest population in the La Guajira Peninsula
Language = Spanish, Wayuu language
Religion = Traditional
Related ethnic groups = Arawak groups

Wiwa
Region = Live in the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta
Language = Damana
Religion = Traditional tribal religion
Related ethnic groups = Ijka, Kogi

Yukpa
Region = Live in the Serrania del Perija towards the border with Venezuela
Language = Yukpa, Castellano
Religion = Spiritual
Related ethnic groups = Yariguí, Japrería